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 coconut coir

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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: coconut coir    Mon Jan 25, 2016 10:36 pm

Coir Products
Coir Fibre1. Coir Fibre

Coir, seed-hair fibre obtained from the outer shell, or husk, of the coconut with or without retting. The processed fibres, ranging from about 4 to 12 inches (10 to 30 centimetres) in length, are light in weight, brittle, strong, and elastic, with a tendency to curl. They are resistant to abrasion and can be dyed. They are used to make brushes, are woven into matting, and are spun into yarns for marine cordage and fishnets.[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]

2. Coir Yarn

Coir YarnCoir Yarn is generally of 2 ply, spun from coir fibre by hand as well as with the help of traditional ratts, fully automatic spinning machines etc. Coir yarn is the raw material for the manufacture of a whole range of coir products. Today coir yarn is available in a range of colours that make them ideal for use in versatile applications.
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Coir Ropes3. Coir Ropes

Coir rope-making is a common cottage industry in India. The Coconut fibre is attached to hooks on a wheel that is turned by hand. This twists the coir while more is added. It forms a strong rope that doesn’t unwind or break. Among the natural fibre, coir has some unique characteristic particularly its rigidity, durability and friction.

The number of strands required for a strand of rope is determined by the diameter of the strand and the fineness of the yarn used. The diameter of the strand is in turn determined by the diameter of the rope and number of the strands constituting the rope. Therefore, by varying the number of yarns in the strand and the number of the strands, rope of any size can be made.

4. Coir Mats

Coir MatsCoir Mats are made on handlooms, power looms or frames and with or without brush. It is available in a range of colours, sizes and designs. The brushing qualities of coir doormats and their ability to keep the dirt away make the product a unique one. Mats are available in plain, natural and bleached, available with woven or stencilled designs and bevelled patterns for use in interior or exterior door fronts.

5. Coir Matting

Coir Matting is primarily used as a floor furnishing material. It is widely used in exhibition and fairs as a temporary but neat and elegant floor coverings. Because of its sound deadening characteristics, it is being used on a large scale for furnishing stairs, corridors, and auditorium and cinema halls. A wide range of attractive designs and colours as well as quality makes it a favourite item for interior decorators.

6. Coir Tiles

Coir TilesMattings are cut, rubberised and finished with narrow straight edges, enabling it to be laid together to form tiles. Coir Tiles have inherent strength for durability and strength as it is made out of the strong fibres of coconut husks. Strong and eco-friendly Coir Tiles come in innovative designs so that it can make the floors look classy.

7. Coir Mattings for Cricket Pitches
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The coir mattings for cricket pitches are special type of matting. It may be provided with canvas or leather bindings at the 2 ends. It is used to cover the Pitch to protect it from the adverse effects of Rain, Moisture, Storm and other Natural Factors. It is durable and requires low maintenance.

8. Coir Rugs

Coir RugsCoir Mattings cut to specified length, and suitably finished are marketed as ‘Coir Rugs’. Coir rugs are available in plain natural colour of the fibre, or in different shades, in woven patterns or printed designs. Rugs of various sizes with attractive designs are specially produced for overseas markets.

9. Coir Mourzouk

Coir MourzoukA carpet in coir trade is called as mourzouk. Coir Mourzouks are usually manufactured in a variety of sizes and patterns. They are mostly used for furnishing a selected area either at the centre of the room or any part of where generally the other portion might have furnished by other type of furnishing materials. They are also used for all-round furnishing.

10. Coir Belts

Coir belts are mainly used for driving machines and as conveyer belts.

11. Coir Mattings for Roof Surface Cooling

Coir Mattings for roof Surface CoolingCooling of buildings by Roof Surface Evaporation is an established technology. It is an effective, simple, economical and environment friendly method of improving the indoor thermal conditions and reducing the capital and running cost of air-conditioning in the order of 60% and 30% respectively, under hot-Dry conditions.

12. Acoustic Barriers

Acoustic BarriersCoir is being used as a noise prevention solution in homes located along highways and other high-traffic roads, in offices and around sporting arenas in Netherlands. This is also used for making stylish compound walls and garden landscaping.

13. Coir Geotextiles
Coir GeotextilesCoir geotextile is a permeable textile fabric in geotechnical engineering to prevent the soil from migrating while maintaining the water flow. Its role is to protect and promote vegetarian cover during its formative period after which it degrades over a period of time and mixes with the soil providing for valuable nutrients.

14. Cocologs

CocologsThey are non-woven, made from coir fibre bunches under pressed condition in tubular enclosures of knotted coir yarn. Cocologs are mainly used for vulnerable streams, rivers or lake bank to protect scour. For high embankment areas with a variable water level, several Cocolog can be applied as stack.

15. Coir fibre beds (Cocobeds)

Coir fibre bedsCocobeds are made from coir fibre and coir geo textiles. Coir fibre is sand witched between two coir geo textiles and stitched together to form a bed or pouch. Steep stream banks can be covered with pre planted Cocobeds. Sediments will be collected and held in Cocobeds, which will help plant growth and purify water to a certain extent.

16. Coir Composite Boards

Coir composites Panels can be made using coir as reinforcing material with or without plantation timber (veneers like rubber, bamboo, jute, glass) in between as a secondary reinforcement and then infused with polymeric matrix material like phenolic, polyester, epoxy, etc., and then processed under controlled temperature and pressure. Coir fibre composites has several advantages such as light weight, unbreakable, non-corrosive, water resistant, durable and affordable. Coir composites are highly suitable for building and construction for door, window panelling, furniture and other joinery work and transportation application for cost-effective replacement to wood and timber.

17. Coir Fenders

Coir fendersCoir fenders are commonly made in spherical, cylindrical or ring shapes. Fenders are made in the required shape from coir yarn, rope, or fibre tied together tightly. Coir rope knotted to form the outer shell by traditional knotting technique. Available in different diameters.

Coir Based Products for Agriculture
Plant Climbers
18. Plant Climbers or Coco poles (Gardening Coir Grow Stick)

Coco poles are made by wrapping coir twin around PVC pipes. Coco poles give ideal support to plants while creating a perfect moist environment for its roots. It’s ideal for creepers like ornamental plants & even vegetables.
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19. Coir Baskets

Coir Baskets
Coir hanging baskets are made from coir fibre blended with natural rubber. Coir pots are 100% biodegradable used for the domestic gardening. Coir hanging baskets are used for internal gardening and acts as decorative materials to the buildings. Less weight and organic properties of coir makes them viable for internal gardening. Plants grow faster and healthily in coir baskets.

20. Coco Pots (Moulded Coir Pots)

The moulded coir fibre pots are usually used as nursery bag for the seedlings, which can be directly planted without removing the ‘nursery bag’. Coir fibre and natural rubber latex are used for the manufacture of coco pots; hence it is 100 % natural, biodegradable and eco friendly product.

21. Coir Fibre Discs (Tree Cover)

Coir Fibre DiscsIt is made from 2 to 6 mm thick rubberized coir sheet and used for protecting the plant from evaporation. The fibre disc is also used as weed cover around the bottom of plant preventing direct sunlight thus avoids the growth of weed under the disc.

22. Coco Chips (Husk Chips)

The small fibre bits, which are a waste during the sieving of coir pith, can be mixed into pot plant media in horti-flori nurseries. All these materials find numerous applications in gardens and add a warm hue to the surroundings.

23. Coco Peat

Coco PeatCoco peat is a by-product from coir defibreing units. This coco peat undergoes processing and is widely recognized as a superior growing medium for tomatoes, roses and many other crops. The Horticulture industry often calls this coco media as coco peat or coir peat.

24. Coir Pith as Briquettes

The coir pith is comprised into vary small packs of 650 gm shrink wrapped which is most suitable to the hobby market and home garden owners.

25. Coco Lawn

It is a readymade lawn and is an eco friendly method for faster development of readymade lawns using natural coir products instead of using synthetic lawns, which are costly, non-environment friendly and pose disposal problems. The coco lawn is a ready and easy to use eco-friendly alternative for various applications.

Photo Courtesy: NCRMI & Coir Board

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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Mon Jan 25, 2016 10:48 pm

Coco poles are made from Coir Fiber which is wrapped around a wooden stick used in gardening. Coco poles acts as a support stick and promotes plant growth.

The Coco poles absorb water and preserve it for long time. Coco poles provide water and organic nutrients to the creeper plants. Coco poles being porous, helps the plant to develop many tiny roots throughout surface. Plants grow healthily in Coco poles.

Length of the coco poles can be increased as the plants grow.

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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Mon Jan 25, 2016 10:50 pm

Coir pots are made from coir fiber blended with natural rubber. Coir pots are 100% biodegradable used for horticulture, in ornamental plant, vine and tree nurseries, as well as for the domestic gardening.

When plants grow in coir pots preserves roots from breaking and develops many tiny roots throughout the walls. These coir pots retain water for long time also acts as an organic nutrition to the plants. Plants planted directly into the ground in coir pots will settle in and take off more quickly.

Coir pots are clearly the way to go for plant production in environmentally friendly way.

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Coir pots of different size are available
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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:05 am

PLANT CONTAINERS, POTS, AND PLANTERS – WHAT MATERIAL IS THE BEST?
September 7, 2014 By Lynne Jaques Leave a Comment

Plant containers come in a wide variety of prices, sizes, colors, shapes and materials. Each specific container has advantages and disadvantages of its own. Here is a breakdown of the different materials planters can be made from in order to make it easier for you to make the best choice for your needs. Where you want to keep the potted plant, your climate, aesthetic value and cost are all factors you need to consider before you make a decision.

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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:06 am

PRESSED PAPER

Pressed paper containers are a great choice when dealing with vegetables. These containers breathe well, promoting healthy root growth and improving aeration, as well as insulating the roots from temperature changes that might otherwise harm or stress your plants. These planters are biodegradable, which is great for the environment but means that you will need to replace them every single year. Since the cost of these is low, usually around two dollars per pot, the pots are still an economically sound choice. Some pressed paper pots are now being lined with a wax coating, which gives them a slightly longer life span.

COIR

Coir containers are economically and ecologically sound choices. These planters are made from coconut husks and are studier than the pressed paper pots, but still keep the benefits for the paper pots. Other types are made from grain husks and various binding agents rather than coconut husks. These pots are inexpensive and can be found in a wide variety of colors and shapes, up to around a foot in diameter.

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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:06 am

CERAMIC

Ceramic containers, or stoneware, are made from finely textured, light-colored clay and then glazed. These containers are fired at a high kiln temperature, which reduces the pot’s porousness and vulnerability to the elements. However, if a ceramic pot is left out in the cold weather it can still crack.[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]
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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:07 am

The down side to this durability is that the potss are quite heavy, although this factor makes them a good choice for plants that will grow to be top heavy. Ceramic planters also tend to be expensive, but are available in a wide variety of color glazes and designs. They come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, with large bowls being among the most common.

TERRACOTTA

Terracotta is a type of clay that is commonly used in making pots and planters of various sizes and shapes. Terracotta pots can be as small as two inches in diameter or height, and as large as the creator’s imagination. The shapes and sizes of containers from this material are seemingly endless, so they are quite versatile. It is typically a warm reddish brown color and offers an earthy appeal to gardeners. Terracotta also tends to be readily available and affordable, which makes it a popular choice among gardeners for indoor and outdoor use.

varios sizes of terracotta clay planters on isolated background
DEROMA Terra Cotta Clay Pots available from Amazon

Two aspects of terracotta that you need to be aware of is that it is more fragile than some of the other planting options, and that terracotta is generally sold unglazed and is therefore permeable. This means that the pot can lose moisture, and soak in moisture from the outside. If you find that you cannot keep up with the water needs of a plant that is otherwise thriving in terracotta container, then I suggest lining the interior of the pot with a graze or some plastic to limit the amount of water that escapes through the pot. Remember to leave some drainage holes in the plastic if you do chose to line a pot, or you will encounter a new set of water related woes.

If you live in an area with very cold winters, it is important to store any terracotta pots upside-down and indoors to prevent early destruction from the elements.

FIBERGLASS AND RESIN

Fiberglass planters are created from a blend of resin and glass fibers. These pots tend to be molded to look like terracotta or stone pots. Actually, some manufacturers have added some limestone of clay to the resin blend to create a better texture. While this choice might not be the most ecologically friendly, it does have quite a few advantages.

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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:08 am

WOOD

Wooden planters can look great in just about any outdoor or patio setting. These containers tend to be square or rectangle, although there are some curved containers available as well. Wood is not likely to crack in cold weather, and is slow to dry out. The only real danger with wood containers is rot; therefore, I suggest lining a wooden planter with plastic to prevent this problem. Just remember to leave some holes in the plastic for drainage.
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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:12 am

METAL

Metal containers are extremely durable, and in the case of case iron, extremely heavy. Metals such as aluminum can offer gardeners the durability of metal with a lighter weight, making the planting and moving of pots much more practical. Aluminum does not rust, does not need painting and costs less than some other metal options. Other metal choices include copper-coated stainless steel, zinc, lead, and copper.

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PostSubject: Re: coconut coir    Tue Jan 26, 2016 11:13 am

CONCRETE

Concrete planters can look great, especially once they have aged a little. While concrete is the practical choice for large plants that might need the ballast support against the wind because of its sheer weight, that weight also makes the planter difficult to move. Therefore, if you plan to use concrete containers for anything, make sure you know where you want it and do not plan to move it. On the other hand, no one will ever steal it or play a prank and move it. Concrete is a reliable insulator and will protect the roots even during times of large temperature changes.
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