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 manure composting

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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:15 pm

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Figure 5. General site layout recommendations for composting facilities.

Site Characteristics
  • Choose the location that has compacted soil or an impervious surface to reduce the seepage of the nutrient into the groundwater.

  • The site must be sloped between 2 to 4%.

  • The site must have a moderate to well drained soil surface.

  • The site must be visible and have an easy access to hauling and storage.

Protection of Water Resources
  • The site must have a permanent water diversion that works to keep surface runoff away from compost storage areas.

  • Placement of manure storage, stacking or composting area should be a safe distance from floodways, wells or springs.
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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:15 pm

Compost Regulations

There are both federal and provincial regulations governing compost. Both Alberta Environment and the Natural Resources Conservation Board (NRCB) are responsible for provincial regulations. The NRCB administers a one-window approach for confined feeding operations and for the compliance monitoring and enforcement of province-wide standards under the Agricultural Operation Practices Act (AOPA). On-farm manure composting is regulated by AOPA. Guidelines for locating compost facilities are found in Section 3 of the Standards and Administration Regulation of AOPA. Prior to setting up a composting facility, contact the NRCB to be advised on how the regulations affect you.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) Fertilizer Act regulates the sale of all compost in Canada. The label for both bagged and bulk sales of compost from any individual must comply with CFIA standards. Contact CFIA with the proposed labels prior to selling compost.
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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:15 pm

Compost Uses

Compost has numerous agronomic and horticultural uses. It can be used as a soil amendment, fertilizer supplement, top dressing for pastures and hay crops, mulch for homes and gardens, and a potting mix component. In these examples, the compost increases the water and nutrient retention of the soil, provides a porous medium for roots to grow in, increases the organic matter and decreases the bulk density or penetration resistance.
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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:18 pm

Troubleshooting

Table 5. Manure composting troubleshooting


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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:20 pm

Questions To Be Addressed Prior To Composting

  • Do you have enough manure on your farm to compost?

  • Do you have a site appropriate for composting?

  • What composting method is best suited for your operation?

  • Do you have access to carbon amendments such as straw, woodchips, etc.?

  • Will compost product be for on-farm use or for export off the farm?

  • If your compost is for off-farm sales, do you have a marketing strategy?

  • Is there a market for compost in your area?
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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:20 pm

References

B.C. Agricultural Composting Handbook
Second Edition, 2nd printing, September, 1998.
Ministry of Agriculture and Food.


Last edited by Sandeep Sunstar on Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:21 pm; edited 1 time in total
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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:21 pm

Alberta Environment
Peace River (780) 624-6502
Edmonton (780) 427-9563
Stony Plain (780) 963-6131
Red Deer (403) 340-7721
Calgary (403) 297-7883
Lethbridge (403) 381-5995
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Natural Resources Conservation Board (NRCB)
Morinville (780) 939-1212
Calgary (403) 662-3990
Edmonton (780) 422-1977
Fairview (780) 835-7111
Lethbridge (403) 381-5166
Red Deer (403) 340-5241
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Sandeep Sunstar

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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:22 pm

Further Reading

Haug, Roger T. The Practical Handbook of Compost Engineering. London: Lewis Publishers, 1993.

Rynk, R.(editor). 1992. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. On-farm Composting Handbook. NRAS-54. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. 152 Riley-Robb Hall, Cooperative Extension, Ithica, Ny. 14853-5701

Saskatchewan Agriculture, Food, and Rural Revitalization. Composting Solid Manure.

Poultry Mortality Composting Handbook. 2002. AAFRD publication No. Agdex 450/29-1.

Bin Composting of Daily Layer, Breeder, or Turkey Mortality. 2004. AAFRD publication No. Agdex 450/29-2.

Composting Spent Layers (or Disaster Losses). 2004. AAFRD publication No. Agdex 451/29-1.

Bin Composting of Daily Broiler Mortality. 2004. AAFRD publication No. Agdex 452/29-1.

Swine Mortality Composting Handbook. 2002. AAFRD publication No. Agdex 440/29-1.

Windrow Composting of Swine (or Disaster Losses). 2004. AAFRD publication No. Agdex 440/29-2.

Bin Composting of Daily Swine Mortality. 2004. AAFRD publication No. Agdex 440/29-3.
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PostSubject: Re: manure composting   Wed Jan 22, 2014 9:22 pm

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